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From vulnerability to resilience: a framework for analysis and action to build community resilience

28 July 2011

From vulnerability to resilience, or V2R, is a framework for analysis and action to reduce vulnerability and strengthen the resilience of individuals, households and communities. The framework sets out the key factors that contribute to peoples’ vulnerability: exposure to hazards and stresses; fragile livelihoods; future uncertainty; and weak governance. It provides detailed explanations of the linkages between these factors, as well as ideas for action to strengthen resilience.

The V2R framework has been written with the needs and interests of Practical Action programme staff in mind. However, the issues and principles in the document are also relevant to a much wider audience including practitioners (NGOS and local government staff), researchers, and policymakers working in livelihoods, disaster management and climate change adaptation. It is intended to
provide guidance to the reader, rather than dictate a set way of doing things. The material can also be adapted to suit communication to other audiences such as community-based organizations (CBOs).

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